(Taught by Toshi) Study Summary:
“Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us” is an incredibly difficult sentence both to understand and also to apply.
1. We learnt from Matthew 18 that true forgiveness ONLY comes with God, who did not just forget our sins but charged sin’s cost to Jesus, so that He could forgive us freely. Vertical forgiveness is free, but was not cheap! It cost Jesus everything to pay for us. (Matt 18:10-14)
2. Because of that true forgiveness, we who are God’s forgiven children, His found sheep we ought to be humble and together, forgive other Christians - horizontal forgiveness. There is a process for doing this, guidelines for this in Matt 18:15-17. We learnt that the ultimate goal of horizontal forgiveness is restoration, gaining the other brother. (Matt 18:15-20)
3. Finally, we learnt that forgiveness (beginning vertically and expressed horizontally) that God gives is meant for others, and if we are unable to forgive other Christians the 100 denarii Jesus has paid, we show that we don’t quite understand our own forgiveness - the 1000 talent debt He cancelled. (Matt 15:21-35)
FAQ: does this teach us to forgive non-Christians too? Absolutely, but it is not the main point because we understand true forgiveness that goes through Jesus paying the debt we owe (true forgiveness = vertical > horizontal forgiveness.) With non-Christians, we should go BEYOND just forgetting grudges - instead, help them see that God’s true forgiveness in Christ (vertical) could be theirs too, so that we can be properly restored to one another (horizontal).
A Call to Spiritual Reformation, D A Carson
Genesis (Preach the Word Series), Kent Hughes
The Great Enemy (Encounters with Jesus Series), Tim Keller
Grounded in the Gospel, J I Packer and Gary A Parrett
Preaching and Preachers, D M Lloyd Jones
A Brief History of Though, Luc Ferry
The Psalter Reclaimed, Gordon Wenham
Ubi caritas et amor, Deus ibi est. Congregavit nos in unum Christi amor. Exsultemus, et in ipso jucundemur. Timeamus, et amemus Deum vivum. Et ex corde diligamus nos sincero. Ubi caritas et amor, Deus ibi est. Simul ergo cum in unum congregamur: Ne nos mente dividamur, caveamus. Cessent iurgia maligna, cessent lites. Et in medio nostri sit Christus Deus. Ubi caritas et amor, Deus ibi est. Simul quoque cum beatis videamus, Glorianter vultum tuum, Christe Deus: Gaudium quod est immensum, atque probum, Saecula per infinita saeculorum. Amen.
Where charity and love are, God is there. Christ’s love has gathered us into one. Let us rejoice and be pleased in Him. Let us fear, and let us love the living God. And may we love each other with a sincere heart. Where charity and love are, God is there. As we are gathered into one body, Beware, lest we be divided in mind. Let evil impulses stop, let controversy cease, And may Christ our God be in our midst. Where charity and love are, God is there. And may we with the saints also, See Thy face in glory, O Christ our God: The joy that is immense and good, Unto the ages through infinite ages. Amen